Mikkelsen is full of praise for almost all the members of the expedition. There is no mention of the problems that seem to have arisen among the members when Mikkelsen wanted to go out on the ice again and Leffingwell wanted to map inland. The report covers all aspects of what was considered scientific work at the time: He also includes valuable social and political information such as the effects of the type of publicity the expeditions received, attitudes of members of Congress toward funding expeditions, and funding the publishing of results and reports.
Even the Franklin search expeditions were important in that geological materials, mostly fossils, were brought back. Topics of interest included land bridges and the distribution of flora and fauna.
Caswell notes which expeditions had no success with geological research. Caswell does note that the nature of such field results prevented any generalizations from being drawn and also did not help support theoretical work.
The author notes the tension between scientists and geographers on the expeditions he discusses. The paper summarizes what has been found on or near the Queen Elizabeth Islands that Stefansson explored. Apparently, the natives did tell Stefansson about coal deposits as they had told William Parry a hundred years earlier. The article summarizes what has been found since Stefansson explored the area; the major oil- and gas-bearing formations are described, and maps included.
The author emphasizes the oil connection most of all, since Leffingwell had named and described the Sadlerochit formation, the main reservoir of Prudhoe Bay oil. Leffingwell himself thought his passing mention of an oil seepage less important than his more theoretical work on ground ice, and it is questionable that Leffingwell would have been so honored if the oil reserve had not turned out to be so important. Clark in an interview with Leffingwell around It is, however, an exciting story.
Geological Survey project for the U. The area is now part of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge. She includes a citation to the U. Harris, that contains a report on the findings of the Anglo-American Polar Expedition.
Scientific Reports from Expeditions The scientific reports of expeditions usually were not included in the popular accounts of the trips. Some few scientific reports are listed here, but this is a very selective list as there are volumes of scientific reports from other expeditions.
Although there were no scientific reports resulting from the Baldwin-Ziegler Polar Expedition, the follow-up expedition did result in one, even though the goal of the latter expedition was to get to the North Pole. The full title of the work, edited by J. Sections of the report cover: Magnetic Observations and Reductions tables B.
Meteorological Observations and Compilations D. Tidal Observations and Reductions tables E. Astronomic Observations and Reductions few tables F. Map Construction and Survey Work Five men were responsible for the scientific work, with four of them listed as scientists.
One was Russell W. Porter, primarily an artist and architectural student at that time. The report includes drawings and photographs of instruments. There are some sketches and colored maps signed by Porter, but no geological sketches or maps at all. This is still cited, and parts of this report were reprinted in in the book Periglacial Processes , edited by C. Leffingwell covers everything in this report, from the most comfortable clothing for Arctic work to a history of exploration in the area to his detailed geological reconnaissance, as well as his maps, conclusions, places he named, and his observations on ground ice.
The emphasis is on continental geologists, especially their work in the Alps, and evolving ideas about tectonics. Ideas on how mountain ranges are formed are emphasized, while Agassiz and his work on glaciers are not handled in depth.
There are many works on the continental drift theory, and an interesting aspect of that story is why it took so long for such a currently well-recognized theory to be accepted.
Government Printing Office, See also Chauncey C. Loomis, Weird and Tragic Shores: National Geographic Society, University of Oklahoma Press, Diubaldo, Stefansson and the Canadian Arctic Montreal: University of British Columbia Press, Macmillan, , and Discovery: University Press of Virginia, University of Iowa, , Drake and William M.
Jordan, Centennial Special Volume 1 Boulder: Geological Society of America, Government Printing Office, ; Periglacial Processes, ed. Greene, Geology in the Nineteenth Century: Cornell University Press, Skip to main content. Toggle navigation Dartmouth Library. Please send feedback on our new site Hide feedback form. Well, Ultius is the best place for you.
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