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❶Zohar is a commentary on Torah.

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At the Manchester Jewish Museum you can explore Jewish faith and history in the oldest synagogue building in Manchester. Visit Bevis Marks Synagogue in London, built in and the oldest synagogue building in the United Kingdom in continuous use. Access thousands of brilliant resources to help your child be the best they can be. The Jewish holy text is the Torah , which is written in ancient Hebrew. Judaism is the religion of Jewish people. It originated around years ago among a people called the Hebrews, nomadic people of the Middle East where Africa, Asia and Europe meet.

Nomadic means someone who lives by travelling from place to place. Abraham is seen as the father of the Jewish religion. Jews believe that Judaism began when Abraham began to worship one God instead of the many idols or statues his father had done. Abraham is said to have made an agreement with God, known as the Covenant, in which he promised to be faithful and teach his laws to the world.

The core Jewish religious belief is that there is one eternal God who is a spirit and has no human form. Torah means teachings in Hebrew. There are four important stages in Jewish life: The synagogue is a building where Jews go to worship God. Teachers of the Jewish faith are called rabbis.

They lead worship in the synagogue, conduct marriage and funeral ceremonies and give people advice on religious matters. The Sabbath from sunset on Friday to sunset on Saturday is the Jewish holy day.

Religious Jews can be Orthodox people who follow the laws of the Torah very strictly and Progressive people who have adapted the Torah teachings to modern life. According to Jewish counting, on September 24, we entered the Year the supposed th year since Orthodox Jews believe the world was created on Saturday night, October 6, BCE.

The people of Israel were freed from Egypt known as Exodus in the history of Judaism. King David established a capital city in Jerusalem. The area of the Middle East known as Israel was under the rule of the Romans. The Second Temple in Jerusalem was destroyed by the Romans and many Jewish people were forced to leave the country, spreading into Europe.

The modern state of Israel is established. Look through the gallery and see if you can spot the following: A synagogue A kippah or yarlmulke, which some Orthodox Jewish men wear on their head Men praying at the Western Wall in Jerusalem Stained glass windows in a synagogue The star of David, a symbol of the Jewish people The worship area inside a synagogue A mezuzah, a symbol attached to the doorways of Jewish homes A menorah, a candleabrum with seven branches A tallit prayer shawl with Hebrew embroidery Dreidels, used to play a traditional Jewish game at Hannukah Challah bread, a Jewish braided bread eaten on the Sabbath and on holidays.

For Persach the Jewish word for Passover a special meal is prepared to remind Jews of the good and bad times of the past. The Seder plate includes hard-boiled egg, parsley, boiled potato, lettuce, horseradish and chopped apples and walnuts. People eat apple dipped in honey to wish each other a sweet and happy new year. Yom Kippur is the most important Jewish holiday and takes place ten days after Rosh Hashanah.

Jews usually fast for 25 hours and pray, spending most of the day in synagogue. Hannukah also written Chanukah takes place in December and is the Jewish festial of lights. At Hannukah Jewish people light candles and exchange presents and children play a game with a little spinning top called a dreidel.

Take a Cbeebies quiz Take a video tour around a synagogue in London, or see pictures of the parts of a synagogue in Swansea Watch a video about the Jewish holy text, the Torah Glossary of Jewish terms Bar Mitzvah and Bat Mitzvah - the name of the ceremonies used to mark Jewish adulthood for boy and girls. Berachot - short prayers or blessings to mark every occasion. Challot - special loaves of bread served during Shabbat. Havdalah - the ceremony that marks the end of Shabbat.

Kibbutz - a communal settlement in Israel, typically a farm. Kosher - food that has been prepared according to Jewish rules.

Magen David - the six-pointed star is a modern, universal Jewish symbol. Mezuzah - a little case containing a tiny scroll with writing from the Torah. Monotheistic religion - a religion with only one God. Total gas flow is displayed even in the unlikely event of power failure. The compact footprint and design of the RM and KR can save space and add functionality to the contemporary eye care practice. Color liquid crystal display screen Measurement results and setting information are displayed on an easy-to-view color screen.

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There are plenty of drawers and storage compartments with space for consumable materials. Featuring the functionality of the ENT workstation, look along with the condensed footprint and economy of a treatment cabinet, find the C11 is a breakthrough for exams rooms everywhere. Easy-to-use and infinitely upgradeable, this perfect harmony of style and function is exceptionally When you choose the Omni patient monitor from Infinium Medical you will also receive other great features and benefits like: At the beginning of Shabbat Jewish families share a meal.

They eat special bread called hallah. On the Sabbath, Jews attend services at the synagogue, often led by a Rabbi. Kippah a skull cap. On their heads a devout Jew always wears the Kippah to remind him that he is always duty bound to follow the laws of God at all times and in all places. Tallit a prayer shawl. Before beginning to worship or pray the devout Jew will often put on a tallit. The fringes on the shawl remind him of the many commandments of the Torah.

Tefilin small leather box with long leather straps attached. The boxes are worn on the left forearm and on the forehead. Inside the boxes are passages from the scriptures. A tefilin on the forehead remind the Jew to concentrate on the teachings of the Torah with all your full mind. They are both special ceremonies where Jewish boys aged 13 and girls aged 12 can become adults in the eyes of the Jewish religion.

Jews call marriage Kiddushin. This is a Hebrew word which means made holy or special. Both couples give each other a ring. The ring is a token or symbol of their promises. There are other subdivisions within these but this represents British Judaism in its simplest form.

Find out more here. Kosher foods are those that conform to Jewish law. This means no mixing of dairy and meat, no pork or pork products and no shell fish. Meat The animal from which the meat is taken must have been slaughtered in accordance with prescribed Jewish ritual. Jews cannot eat meat from any animal which does not both chew its cud food brought up into the mouth by an animal from its first stomach to be chewed again and has a split hoof; animals such as rabbit or hare, pig, horse, dog or cat are therefore prohibited.

Fish Jews may eat fish that have both fins and scales that are detachable from the skin. Click here for our calendar of Religious Festivals. Passover Pesach in Hebrew is celebrated to commemorate the liberation of the Children of Israel who were led out of slavery in Egypt by Moses. It is a major eight day festival. Matzah unleavened bread is eaten throughout the festival, as are other foods that contain no leaven. There is a great spring cleaning in the home before the festival to ensure that no trace of leaven is left in the home during Pesach.

Rosh Hashanah is the Jewish New Year festival and commemorates the creation of the world. This festival marks the Jewish New Year and begins with ten days of repentance and self examination, during which time God sits in judgement on every person. Over the two days of Rosh Hashanah, there are special services at the synagogue. A musical instrument, called a shofar, is blown. People east slices of apple dipped in honey. This is a way of wishing each other a sweet and happy New Year.

Yom Kippur, the most sacred and solemn day of the Jewish year, brings the Days of Repentance to a close. As well as fasting for 25 hours, Jews spend the day in prayer, asking for forgiveness and resolving to behave better in the future. Sukkot commemorates the years that the Jews spent in the desert on their way to the Promised Land. Some lived in tents whilst others built huts out of leaves and branches. These huts were called sukkot. During the festival, some Jews build their own sukkah in the garden or at the synagogue.

Jews eat their meals in the sukkah for the eight or nine days of the festival. There are rules to making the sukkah. Each sukkah must have at least three walls.


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Judaism is the oldest of the world's four biggest monotheistic religions (religions with only one god). It's also the smallest, with only about 12 million followers around the world. Jewish history begins with the .

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The Five Oldest main World Religions in order are: Hinduism - The oldest religion, it may date to prehistoric times. Judaism - The Hebrew leader Abraham founded Judaism around B.C. Judaism is the oldest of the monotheistic faiths (religions with one god).

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Judaism may have began in the Middle East but today Jewish people live in countries all around the world (almost half of the world's Jews live in the USA and a quarter live in Israel). The Jewish holy text . The religion of the Jewish people is Judaism. Judaism has more than 14 million followers throughout the world, more than a third of whom live in the United States. Many other Jews live in Israel, a country at the eastern edge of the Mediterranean Sea.

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Judaism Questions and Answers - Discover the community of teachers, mentors and students just like you that can answer any question you might have on Judaism eNotes Home Homework Help. Islam, Judaism, and Christianity are considered Abrahamic religions. This means that they all worship the god of Abraham. Because of language differences, they call God by different names, but they are one and the same. They believe that God is the creator of the universe. The three faiths are all .